Beacons in Android
This tutorial discusses the client-side API for working with beacons in Android.
This is a continuation of Working with Beacons (introduction, setup, and server side API).
The following topics are covered:
- Configuring your application
- Simplified APIs for ranging and monitoring beacons
- Running the sample application
Configuring your application
- Download the Android Beacon Library v2.1.3 and above from this page:
- Import the Android Beacon Library into Eclipse.
- Right-click the Android application project and select Properties -> Android -> Library -> Add.
- Select android-beacon-library and click Apply -> OK.
- Add the following entry to the
- Copy the source files under
srcfolder of the Android application (by preserving the package directories).
These source files use JSONStore to store beacons, triggers, and associations locally.
- Add the libraries to enable JSONStore for your native Android application.
For more information, see the topic about copying files of native API applications for Android, in the user documentation.
Android Manifest configuration
- Specify minSdkVersion as 18 (Android 4.3).
- Specify permissions for BLUETOOTH and BLUETOOTH_ADMIN.
- This is in addition to the following standard Worklight permissions:
com.worklight.wlclient.api.WLBeaconsMonitoringApplicationas the application name.
Enable the library to show alerts
Simplified APIs for monitoring/ranging beacons
Loading beacons and triggers from the server
To load information pertaining to beacons, triggers, and their associations from the server and storing it in the application JSONStore, write the following code:
To start the monitoring/ranging of Beacons and to fire trigger actions, write the following code:
To let the user opt out of Beacon monitoring, write the following code:
Running the sample application
The sample contains two projects:
BeaconsMFP.zipfile contains a MobileFirst native API that you can deploy to your MobileFirst Server instance.
BeaconsAndroid.zipfile contains a native library that provides a simplified set of APIs for ranging/monitoring beacons and a native Android application that demonstrates the usage of those APIs.
Make sure to update the
wlclient.properties file in AndroidNativeBeacons with the relevant server settings.
The sample showcases a simple banking scenario where actions are triggered based on proximity:
- When the user enters a Bank branch, a notification action is triggered with a Welcome message.
- When the user stays in the Bank branch, an alert is triggered with a message stating that a bank personnel will assist the user soon.
- When the user exits the Bank branch, a notification action is triggered with a message.
What kinds of beacons can be detected?
By default, the
Android Beacon Library will only find beacons, meeting the open
The library can be configured to work with different types of beacons. The byte layout of the beacon's advertisement must be specified in
WLBeaconsMonitoringApplication class in
For details refer - http://altbeacon.github.io/android-beacon-library/javadoc/org/altbeacon/beacon/BeaconParser.html
Detecting Beacons After application is killed
Application can be configured to detect Beacons even after being killed.
For details refer - http://altbeacon.github.io/android-beacon-library/resume-after-terminate.html
Inclusive terminology note: The Mobile First Platform team is making changes to support the IBM® initiative to replace racially biased and other discriminatory language in our code and content with more inclusive language. While IBM values the use of inclusive language, terms that are outside of IBM's direct influence are sometimes required for the sake of maintaining user understanding. As other industry leaders join IBM in embracing the use of inclusive language, IBM will continue to update the documentation to reflect those changes.